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How to Care for Different Types of Fabrics

May 11 2021 – Rishav Baliyan

How to Care for Different Types of Fabrics

How to Care for Different Types of Fabrics

Fabrics are meant to be cleaned in a certain way and the usual technique of cleaning are twisting , wrangling and using heat , which do more harm than good to the fabric

Below listed are different ways to treat each kind of fabric
1. Cotton
Cotton is the most loved fabric around the world because of its comfort and versatility. It is widely used in every silhouette from a Basic T-shirt to designer gown.
Cotton fabric has to be processed thoroughly before using it for garments, as it reduces the chance of shrinkage of the garment to almost Nil.
You need to always read the ‘Wash care label’ to know the exact ways of washing your garments. Below listed are some of the best ways to wash cotton garments :

1. Wash it in cold water or mild warm water to avoid shrinkage
2. Add bleaching agent to remove stain only if the wash care label permits.
3. Iron it on medium heat

2. Linen
Linen is a natural fiber that is made from the flax plant. It is widely used in men’s and women’s garment . Linen is very strong and absorbent and dries faster than cotton. Because of these properties, linen is comfortable to wear in hot weather and is valued for use in garments.
Below listed are the best ways to wash Linen Fabric / garment :
1. Linen has to be washed with cold water
2. It should be naturally dried or air dried.
Linen is known to absorb more water during the washing process compared to other fibres so so you should guard against overcrowding in the washer and the dryer.

Please see the wash care instructions for more detailed care.

3. Polyester

Polyester is a generalized term for any fabric or textile, which is made using polyester yarns or fibers. It is a shortened name for a synthetic, man-made polymer, which, as a specific material, is most commonly referred to as a type called polyethylene terephthalate (PET). It is made by mixing ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. That all sounds extremely scientific, but basically, polyester is a kind of plastic.

Polyester is a man made fabric . It another name for synthetic, man made polymer. Polyester is a kind of plastic. It is cheaper in comparison to natural fabrics like Cotton & lined . This fabric is commonly used by fast fashion brands.
Below listed are the best ways to take care of polyester fabric / Garment :

1. Polyester fabric can be machine washed using warm water
2. Can be tumble dried in the air drier
3. It is important to remove the garments from the dryer when they are slightly wet , to prevent from wrinkles

Please see the wash care instructions for more detailed care.

4. Silk

Silk is a natural protein fibre . It is derived from silkworm. Silk is a good insulator , lightweight , smooth and soft. It is known for its suppleness. It is one of the oldest fabric .
Below listed are the best ways to take care of silk fabric / Garments.

1. Silk fabric has to be dry cleaned only as it’s extremely delicate to go through washing machine.
2. Can be hand washed using specially formulated products for delicate fabrics.
3. Don’t tumble dry in the dryer , should be dried naturally by hanging them to avoid spooling the texture of the fabric .
4. Silk garment should always be pressed with a warm iron.
5. Only dry clean or wash after using it a couple of times , as the sheen of the fabric gets compromised every-time you wash it


5. Spandex

Spandex is a synthetic fabric that is best known for its elasticity. The stretch characteristic makes it an excellent choice for fitted garments.

In most cases, pure spandex isn't used in garments, and instead, small quantities of this fabric are weaved into other synthetic, semi-synthetic, or organic fibers.

Below listed are the best ways to take care of silk fabric / Garments.

1. It is best to hand wash to prevent excessive stretching.
2. Use lukewarm water
3. No chlorine based detergent as it will destroy the structure of spandex
4. Wash on ‘delicate’ cycles if you are using the machine
5. Do not wring it while drying as it destroys the texture of the fabric

6. Wool

Wool is obtained from sheep or other hairy animals . It is soft and usually used in winter because it provides great amount of warmth. It is naturally insulating and it’s easily dyeable. Pure woolen like cashmere is expensive.

Below listed are the best ways to take care of silk fabric / Garments.

1. Wash woolen garments at the end of the winter season after multiple uses
2. Turn the woolen garment inside out before washing
3. Dry clean is the best way to maintain your woolen garments
4. Hand wash in lukewarm water for 10 mins and then in cold water ( if washing at home )
5. Do not put it in the dryer as there are chances of shrinkage.
6. When ironing a wool sweater, use the coolest setting and lay a thin cloth on top of the garment.

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